Maize (Zea mays) has the highest world-wide production of all grain crops, Maize is a major source of starch. Maize has become a staple food in many parts of the world, with the total production of maize surpassing that of wheat or rice. However, little of this maize is consumed directly by humans. Maize flour is a major ingredient in home cooking and in many industrialized food products.
There are different types of maize but nowadays white maize plays a vital role with regards to food security. The white maize meal value system is highly complex and contributes to the wellbeing of a lot of Africans. White maize is mainly used to produce white maize meal (flour). Various types of white maize meal for human consumption feature in the market. The most popular is super, followed by special maize meal.